Basic Guitar Chords For Beginners

Author: Edward Cupler

Guitar chord charts reference

  • The vertical lines are strings. From left to right (Low E, A, D, G, B, high E)
  • The horizontal lines are the frets
  • The top horizontal line is the nut unless there is a fret number beside it
  • An empty circle above the string indicates it’s played open
  • An “X” above the string indicates that string is not played
Guitar chord diagram with explanation
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The basic open guitar chords with the suggested finger placement

The following chords would fit the C Major scale with the exception of the B Minor chord. It would need to be a B Minor Diminished chord if we were strictly using the C Major scale.

Below is a video example of the basic guitar chords listed above

Common Open Chord Shapes: Often used for barre chords.

Common open guitar chord shapes often used for barre-chords - E Major, A Minor and D Major.

Barre Chord charts and names of each chord

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